Where a permitted reduction in the number of assessments has been used for Cambridge Nationals and Cambridge Technicals, we will produce an assessed grade for the units where assessment has not been taken.
Assessed grades
Assessed grades allow us to estimate how a candidate would have performed on a missing unit by looking at their performance on other units they have completed.
We can produce an estimate in a few different ways depending on the information we have available. In Summer 2023 we will be using a method known as the proportional method that calculates an average grade based on the other grades a candidate has achieved. This method allows us to simply and quickly produce an assessed grade for a missing unit using grades.
This is the same method we used for reduction in assessment assessed grades in summer 2022.
Proportional assessed grade method
The proportional assessed grade method looks at the grades that a candidate has achieved and calculates an average grade that is then used for the missing unit. We are able to calculate this average by assigning a number to each grade (see tables below). The grades that are used to calculate the assessed grade are grades from supporting units and not all grades a candidate has will be used as a supporting unit.
Rules for supporting units
We have a number of rules about what units can be used as a supporting unit when calculating the assessed grade and these rules will apply to all assessed grades for Cambridge Nationals and Cambridge Technicals calculated this year:
 We will consider both live assessments and unit TAGs from 2020/21 as supporting units. For example, if we were estimating a grade for the moderated unit A and a candidate has one grade for moderated unit B that is a unit TAG and one grade for moderated unit C that is from a live assessment, we would use both grades from unit B and unit C.
 Where possible, we only use likeforlike units. This means we try to only use supporting units that are the same type of unit (moderated units or examined units) to the one we are calculating. When we are calculating an assessed grade for a moderated unit we will only use other moderated units as supporting units and we would not use any examined units. Only when there are no available moderated units with a grade would we use an examined unit as a supporting unit. For example, if we are estimating a grade for the moderated unit A, and a candidate has grades for moderated units B and C and also has a grade for the examined unit D, we would only use units B and C. If we were estimating a grade for the moderated unit A and did not have a grade for moderated units B and C we would use unit D as a supporting unit.
 If a candidate has had multiple attempts at a unit, we only use the unit with the best grade as the supporting unit. For example, if we were estimating a grade for the moderated unit A and a candidate has one grade for moderated unit B and two grades (e.g. P and M) for moderated unit C, we would use the grade from unit B and only the M grade from unit C.
 A previous attempt at the unit being calculated cannot be used as a supporting unit. For example, if we were estimating a grade for unit A, and the candidate had grades for units B, C and a previous attempt at unit A, we would only use units B and C as supporting units.
 We do not use an assessed grade as a supporting unit. If a candidate has already received an assessed grade for one of their units, we do not use this grade when calculating an assessed grade for another unit. For example, if we were estimating a grade for unit A, and the candidate had grades for B, C and D but unit D is an assessed grade rather than a grade from a live assessment or a unit TAG from 2020/21, we would only use units B and C.
Further instructions on how to apply these rules and how to calculate an assessed grade can be found below in the worked examples.
How to calculate an assessed grade
For each type of qualification, a number is assigned to a grade that we call the numerical grade scale. We assign and use these numbers when calculating the average grade. The numerical grade scales for Cambridge Nationals (Table 1), Level 3 Cambridge Technicals (Table 2) and Level 2 Technicals (Table 3) are below.
Table 1. Cambridge National Numerical Grade Scale
Cambridge Nationals 

0 
U 
1 
P1 
2 
M1 
3 
D1 
4 
P2 
5 
M2 
6 
D2 
7 
*2 
Table 2. Cambridge Technical Level 3 Numerical Grade Scale
Level 3 Cambridge Technicals 


2016 Suite 
2012 Suite 

Numerical Grade 
External 
Internal 
Internal 
1 
U 
U 
NA 
1.5 
R 
NA 
NA 
2 
P 
P 
P 
3 
M 
M 
M 
4 
D 
D 
D 
Table 3. Cambridge Technical Level 2 Numerical Grade Scale
Level 2 Cambridge Technicals 


2016 Suite 
2012 Suite 

Numerical Grade 
External 
Internal 
Internal 
1 
U/Not Achieved (Unit 1C) 
U 
NA 
2 
P/Achieved (Unit 1C) 
P 
P 
3 
M 
M 
M 
4 
D 
D 
D 
Worked examples
Cambridge Nationals
Cambridge Nationals example 1: Creative iMedia Certificate (J817)  Estimating the reduced moderated unit R085
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
Grade 
Live assessment 
R081 
Examined unit 
M1 
Yes 
R082 
Moderated unit 
P2 
Yes 
R087 
Moderated unit 
D2 
Yes 
Supporting Units: Unit R085 is moderated, therefore we use only the available moderated units R082 and R087 as supporting units.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Assessed Grade for R085 
R082 
P2 
4 
10 
5 
M2 
R087 
D2 
6 
 Sum of numerical grades for R082 and R087: 4 + 6 = 10
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of units: 10 ÷ 2 = 5
 Assign the grade using the numerical grade scale: M2
Cambridge Nationals example 2: Health and Social Care Certificate (J811)  Estimating the reduced moderated unit R025
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
Grade 
Live assessment 
R021 
Examined unit 
D1 
Yes 
R022 
Moderated unit (second attempt) 
M2 
Yes 
R022 
Moderated unit (first attempt) 
M1 
Yes 
R029 
Moderated unit 
D2 
Yes 
Supporting Units: Unit R025 is a moderated unit and there are two moderated units available for calculation (R022 and R029). From the two attempts at unit R022, we will consider the attempt with the best grade. Therefore, our supporting units are R029 and the second attempt at R022.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Rounded Average 
Assessed Grade for R025 
R022 
M2 
5 
11 
5.5 
6 
D2 
R029 
D2 
6 
 Sum of numerical grades for R022 and R029: 5 + 6 = 11
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of units: 11 ÷ 2 = 5.5
 Round the average up when it is not a whole number: 6
 Assign the grade using the numerical grade scale: D2
Cambridge Technicals
Cambridge Technicals example 1: Level 3 2016 Suite: Health and Social Care Extended Certificate (360 GLH)  Estimating the reduced moderated unit 14 (60GLH).
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
GLH 
Grade 
Live assessment 
Unit 01 
Moderated unit 
60 
D 
Yes 
Unit 02 
Examined unit 
60 
P 
Yes 
Unit 03 
Examined unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 04 
Examined unit 
90 
R 
Yes 
Unit 10 
Moderated unit 
30 
M 
Yes 
Supporting Units: Unit 14 is moderated and so we use only the available moderated units 01 and 10 as supporting units.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
GLH 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Weighted Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Assessed Grade for 14 
01 
60 
D 
4 
330 
3.67 
D 
10 
30 
M 
3 
 Sum of numerical grades, weighting units by GLH: for unit 01 weighting by 60 and unit 10 weighting by 30:
= (4 x 60) + (3 x 30)
= 240 + 90
= 330
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of GLH the units have been weighted by:
= 330 ÷ (60 + 30)
= 330 ÷ 90
= 3.667 which is then rounded up
= 4
 Assign the grade using the numerical grade scale: D
Cambridge Technicals example 2: Level 3 2016 Suite: Business Diploma (720 GLH), Marketing Pathway  Estimating the reduced moderated units 04 (60GLH) and 16 (60 GLH).
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
GLH 
Grade 
Live assessment 
Unit 01 
Examined unit 
120 
P 
Yes 
Unit 02 
Examined unit 
60 
R 
Yes 
Unit 03 
Examined unit 
60 
U 
Yes 
Unit 05 
Moderated unit 
60 
M 
No* 
Unit 06 
Moderated unit 
60 
U 
Yes 
Unit 07 
Moderated unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 15 
Examined unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 22 
Moderated unit 
120 
M 
Yes 
Supporting Units: Units 04 and 16 are moderated and so we use only the available moderated units 06, 07 and 22 as supporting units.
*The moderated unit 05 is an assessed grade and so cannot be used as a supporting unit.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
GLH 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Weighted Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Assessed Grade for 04 and 16 
06 
60 
U 
1 
600 
2.5 
M 
07 
60 
M 
3 

22 
120 
M 
3 
 Sum of numerical grades, weighting units by GLH: for units 06 and 07 weighting by 60 and unit 22 weighting by 120:
= (1 x 60) + (3 x 60) + (3 x 120)
= 60 + 180 + 360
= 600
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of GLH the units have been weighted by:
= 600 ÷ (60 + 60 + 120)
= 600 ÷ 240
= 2.5 which is then rounded up
= 3
 Assign the grade to both missing units using the numerical grade scale: M
Cambridge Technicals example 3: Level 3 2012 Suite: Performing Arts Subsidiary Diploma (540 GLH)  Estimating the reduced moderated unit 07 (60GLH).
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
GLH 
Grade 
Live assessment 
Unit 01 
Moderated unit 
60 
P 
Yes 
Unit 02 
Moderated unit 
60 
D 
Yes 
Unit 03 
Moderated unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 04 
Moderated unit (attempt 1) 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 04 
Moderated unit (attempt 2) 
60 
P 
Yes 
Unit 05 
Moderated unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 06 
Moderated unit 
60 
D 
Yes 
Unit 08 
Moderated unit (attempt 1) 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 08 
Moderated unit (attempt 2) 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 09 
Moderated unit 
60 
P 
Yes 
Supporting Units: All units in the 2012 Suite are moderated and so all units 0106 and 0809 can be used as supporting units.
From the two attempts at unit 04, we will consider the attempt with the best grade, which is attempt 1. From the two attempts at unit 08, both grades are the same, so it does not matter which attempt is used. Therefore, we use attempt 1 for 04 and either attempt 1 or 2 for unit 08, in our case attempt 1.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
GLH 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Weighted Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Assessed Grade for 07 
01 
60 
P 
2 
1440 
3 
M 
02 
60 
D 
4 

03 
60 
M 
3 

04 
60 
M 
3 

05 
60 
M 
3 

06 
60 
D 
4 

08 
60 
M 
3 

09 
60 
P 
2 
 Sum of numerical grades, weighting units by GLH: for units 0106 and 0809, weighting all units by 60:
= (2 x 60) + (4 x 60) + (3 x 60) + (3 x 60) + (3 x 60) + (4 x 60) + (3 x 60) + (2 x 60)
= 120 + 240 + 240 + 180 + 180 + 240 + 180 + 120
= 1440
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of GLH the units have been weighted by:
= 1440 ÷ (60 + 60 + 60 + 60 + 60 + 60 + 60 + 60)
= 1440 ÷ 480
= 3
 Assign the grade to both missing units using the numerical grade scale: M
Cambridge Technicals example 4: Level 3 2016 Suite: Extended Certificate in Sport and Physical Activity Certificate (360 GLH)  Estimating the reduced moderated unit 05 (60GLH).
All of a candidate’s available grades:
Unit 
Unit Type 
GLH 
Grade 
Live assessment 
Unit 01 
Examined unit 
90 
D 
Yes 
Unit 02 
Moderated unit 
90 
M 
Yes 
Unit 03 
Examined unit 
60 
M 
Yes 
Unit 08 
Moderated unit 
60 
D 
Yes 
Supporting Units: Unit 05 is moderated and so we use only the available moderated units 02 and 08 as supporting units.
Calculation:
Supporting Units 
GLH 
Grade 
Numerical Grade 
Sum of Weighted Numerical Grades 
Average of Numerical Grades 
Assessed Grade for 05 
02 
90 
M 
3 
510 
3.4 
M 
08 
60 
D 
4 
 Sum of numerical grades, weighting units by GLH: for unit 02 weighting by 90 and unit 08 weighting by 60:
= (3 x 90) + (4 x 60)
= 270 + 240
= 510
 Calculate the average by dividing the sum of numerical grades by the number of GLH the units have been weighted by:
= 510 ÷ (90 + 60)
= 510 ÷ 150
= 3.4 which is then rounded down
= 3
 Assign the grade using the numerical grade scale: M
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